Daily Archives: March 23, 2017

General Concepts about Object-Oriented Programming

The programming style that we usually call object-oriented programming (OOP) has appeared relatively recently in the history of programming languages. This is a particular and very convenient style for many situations. It was designed to overcome the limits of structured programming based mainly on the widespread use of procedures, functions, pointers or other more or less developed data types.

Although structured programming is very practical for small software systems or reduced non-graphic applications, it should be avoided when dealing with large applications that use graphic elements where object-oriented programming is recommended. Object orientation means organizing software resources as a collection of distinct and discrete objects, which includes both data structures and their processing functions. This organization is an extension of structured programming in which the data structures and processing functions are only loosely connected. All items have their own identity and are perfectly distinct.

An object is defined as an abstract concept, a specific and useful element for any application. Objects serve two specific purposes:

– they provide a better understanding of the problem to be solved;

– they provide a base design for implementation.

A class of objects encapsulates a certain number of objects with similar properties. This similarity refers to both the description (data and attributes) and the behavior (functions or methods). Attributes are unique features within an object class. Each attribute receives a certain value which can be modified during the objects life cycle. Two or more objects can have the same or different values for the same attribute.

Methods or operations are processing functions applied to objects of a certain class. All objects within a class admit the same set of methods, methods which in return may receive any number of additional parameters. In order to apply various methods to an object, it has to be created (defined). Defining an object is called instantiation. Once an object has fulfilled its mission it is removed.

Abstraction is a fundamental human trait that allows us to build models and thus cope with complexity. In every field of human activity, project approach is based on building a model for a better understanding of the problem to solve. Software engineering makes no exception. Through abstraction the essential key aspects are isolated from the non-essential ones. Therefore, each problem might have several adequate models.

In the software engineering industry, structured programming has made a big step forward defining three perspectives needed in order to properly address any application. These perspectives, also known as models, are: the static model, the dynamic model and the functional model.

There are currently several object-oriented methodologies used for analysis, design and implementation of software resources. One of these modeling methodology is the OMT (Object Modeling Technique) methodology. This method of modeling involves the planning of the various development stages and a graphical representation of objects and their relationships.

Romance Novels Online Are Changing The Way We See Books

Even though we now have many other ways to entertain ourselves, reading books still remains a popular pastime for a lot of individuals in the world. Books of various types have been around for many centuries; however, recently with the creation of new technologies, the way we read them could change dramatically. The internet has made it possible to instantly receive books and read them on your computer. This means that you no longer have to wait several days for the book that you want to arrive in the mail, and you also won’t be taking space on a bookshelf to store it, since it is all digital.

There are also ways to enjoy your favorite books when you are out of your house. Many people who travel love to read books. However, carrying around several books is not always practical or convenient. Ebooks can definitely help with that, as you can bring with you hundreds of different novels on a single laptop computer. There are also some dedicated e-readers out there, such as the Amazon Kindle or the Sony Reader, that let you easily read the books you want when you are on the go.

The internet has made it a lot easier to find certain types of books such as Romance Novels. Previously, you would have to check around in all the book stores in your area to see if they carried a certain title. Now, it’s all a thing of the past- you can order electronic or hard copy editions of Romance Books Online very easily.

There are many advantages to getting the book in an electronic version rather than a paper one. You won’t have to wait for it to arrive, and it will be available for download instantly after you place your order. Electronic copies of books are also a lot less expensive than their paper version counterparts. Therefore, you will save not only time, but money as well.

By doing a quick search online, you will be able to find various kinds of romance novels, as well as some great Erotic eBooks. What is even better with getting eBooks online is that many of them can be downloaded for free. A lot of authors and publishers release certain titles for free on the internet, so that you will be able to see whether you like their books and actually want to purchase a paid title later on. All of these factors make things a lot more simple and less expensive than having to call several book stores and go all around the city just to get the romance book that you are looking for.

Men shoulder bags for Smart People

Bags are of great utility whether they are of any type as they can carry heavy loads and protect the goods and luggage. They are very helpful in carrying loads from one place to another without any problem. The office goers and executive people prefer men shoulder bags for their use, they are helpful in both ways for instance carrying important documents and other things.

The shoulder bags are easy to carry as they have a strong strap with adjustable length which can be fixed according the use. Apart from carrying goods these men shoulder bags are very helpful in maintaining standard as they look very sophisticated and elegant.

The material used in making these bags is very smooth and fine and is of high grade material. Before the final sale in the market these bags undergo many inspections so that the finest product must reach to the buyer.

Choosing a good and standard bag for your utility is the reflection of your taste and personality in the ambience and you will be responded according to it. The PU SOFT bag is of greater utility both for formal and casual use.

This bag is made of superior grade PU material which makes it lightweight and of multipurpose utility. The compartments inside the bag are perfectly segmented to store and keep different things in different spaces which keep goods separated.

The men shoulder bags can be used by anyone from student to office executive to keep its documents safe from damage. The material used for making this bag is soft but it is highly durable which increase the life of this bag. These shoulder bags are stylish and have elegant look which uplifts your personality.

There are many other types of beautiful bags available in the market but somewhere they lack in giving quality and beauty where as these men shoulder bags give you both the things that is beauty and durability.

The Dianice Canvas bag is of the best shoulder carrying bags with adjustable strap, it’s a cool looking multi utility bag for many purposes. Caring and handling these bags is never a problem as they can be easily cleaned with wet cloth because PU material faux leather and on the wet wipe it shines like without any damage and canvas bags are washable and shines like new one. The accessories used in manufacturing men shoulder bags are of standard quality that helps in providing a bag with a cool look.

The History Of Portrait Photography

Modern technology and photographic tools allow for the average person to take a portrait photograph, regardless of experience, training, or even background. Want a picture? Point and shoot! In the past, a person wanting a photographic portrait underwent a much more exhaustive experience. Thankfully, modern technology has made the picture-taking process almost brainless.

Portrait photography is capturing the image of an individual (or group) and deliberately placing emphasis on the face and expressions. You will notice that some portraits capture the entire body and the background, but the face is still the objective to be captured. Don’t confuse a body shot as a candid shot. A candid shot is when the individual is secretly photographed. A portrait shot is a deliberate shot. The pose is deliberate and intended to capture the image of the individual in a certain light. There are an infinite amount of potential poses for a portrait. Depending on the intentions of the photographer, it may or may not be important for the subject to look into the camera.

Portrait photography has been in existence for quite awhile. In the past, it was only affordable by the rich and famous. They didn’t use photography but rather captured the moment using painters. You’re probably wondering how long it would take to ‘paint’ a portrait. The answer: quite a while! But then again, the artists (back then and today) are experts and they can produce quality portrait paintings in minimal time.

Other portrait methods were introduced as history progressed. The Camera Lucida, the silhouette and miniatures, is another method used to create portraits. But of course photography was the fastest way to produce a quality portrait. Photographers used different styles in portrait photography. Daguerrotype, which was introduced by Louis Daguerre, and the Calotype portraits are just two examples.

Sir Joseph Nipce and Louis Daguerre partnered together to improve the technology of photography, eventually leading to the Daguerrotype being the most popular style used for portrait requests. Of course, competition eventually stepped in and caused portrait photography to evolve to a new level. Portrait photography is less expensive (by far) than portrait painting. However, portrait paintings are sill alive and well today.

Portraits have also changed over the years. From individual to family shots and now to special occasions – weddings and other special events are captured in portrait format. Portrait photography isnt magic but rather science at play. In the past, you needed a background and the power of light to do the trick. As technology advanced, it allowed the photographer to take all his necessary equipment and gadgets (his camera!) directly to the action no matter where it was.

Lighting has also played an important role in portrait photography. There are a few well known methods for lighting a portrait, such as the three-point lightning setup: key light, fill light, and hair light. All of these are needed in a studio. You’re probably wondering why it takes three lights. It’s not the light that is necessary to make a pleasant image; it’s the lack of light! By using three different light sources, it’s easy for a photographer to create deliberate, subtle shadows where none would exist if you simply used a single, direct light source.

Indeed, photography has continued to change and it gets more complex (and yet more simple) as time goes by. You can enhance color, image and light by just attaching a gadget onto your camera. Or, you can take a basic image, and then tweak the heck out of it using digital editing software – the end result of which is usually nowhere near the original image taken!

Surplus production of 79 105 Tons of Rice Klaten

Production of dry grain harvest in Klaten district in the period January to June 2013 reached 206 706 tonnes. The amount is equivalent to 134 119 tonnes of rice. Thus, the Klaten still have a surplus of 79 105 tonnes of rice, because the rice needs only 55 014 tons.
The surplus is very encouraging, because in the last few seasons, the rat attack raged in a number of centers of rice production. In fact, based on the records of the Department of Agriculture Klaten, Klaten rat infestation has reached the range of 1,000 hectares of land.
“Hama rats pose a threat to farmers in Klaten, since the last few seasons. Absence of rat infestation, I believe the total production of rice in Klaten can far exceed the total production achieved today,” said Head of the Department of Agriculture Klaten, Wahyu Prasetyo Ir MSi, Thursday (1/8).
He added, before the Department of Agriculture has set a target of planting 29,804 hectares wide in January-June 2013, but the realization reached 30 257 hectares. There is an excess of the target of 453 hectares or 1.5 percent. Productivity ranged from 55.77 quintals / hectare to 62.15 quintals / hectare.
“Klaten still try to get up to 115,000 tons of rice surplus, such as the achievement by 2009. Currently, it has not been exposed to Klaten planthopper pests and rodents. But this time, the rat can not fully resolved, despite continuing efforts to eradicate rats,” said Rev. .
Rat control efforts have been done in various ways, such as the development of natural enemies in the form of an owl rats, mongoose, snakes and rice. A number of village support the effort by issuing regulations that prohibit killing animals Village predatory rats.

Financial Industry harmed? Reported to FSA

JAKARTA– Customers can complain to the Financial Services Authority (FSA) if aggrieved by the financial industry. In addition, the FSA will also provide facilities to the settlement of a dispute with a customer related financial services company.

The field of Education and the Commissioner of Consumer Protection Kusumaningtuti Soetiono FSA said the facility’s completion of customer complaints made ​​to the complaint which indicate disputes in the financial services sector.

“But there are conditions that must be met if the customers want to complain about cases of negligence related to the financial services industry, both banks, non-banks, insurance and capital markets to us,” said Kusumaningtuti during a press conference in his office, Jakarta, Tuesday (30/7 / 2013).

Terms include a maximum nominal value of Rp 500 million loss for customers in banking, capital markets, pension funds, life insurance, financing, mortgage companies or guarantees.

Meanwhile, general insurance, could face losses reported to the FSA maximum of Rp 750 million.

To that end, the aggrieved customer can submit a written application along with supporting documents related to the complaint. On the other hand, financial services businesses has also made efforts to resolve the complaint.

“However, customers are not able to accept the settlement or have passed the deadline as stipulated in the rules of the FSA,” he added.

Kusumaningtuti adds, filed this complaint is not a dispute that is being or has been decided by the courts or other mediating institutions.

In addition, the complaint merely civil, have never facilitated FSA and the complaint does not exceed 60 working days from the date of settlement of complaints result businesses of financial services to consumers.

Interesting Facts About Culinary Arts

Want to know some interesting facts about culinary arts? Well, as most people know, the culinary arts revolve around culinary arts and food, and they include everything from restaurant management and hospitality management to food science and food safety. Someone who works in any of these areas is called a “culinarian,” and that includes everyone from food service workers to creators of the fantastic pastry arts. Continue reading

Healing Chapped Lips And Cheilitis

Chapped lips look dryed out, scaled and might even appear cracked. They can also be sensitive, swollen and red when the chapping is severe.

All ages are prone to getting chapped lips and there are many things that can cause them. Running a high fever, cold climate, dehydration, medications (such as acne meds), vitamin deficiencies, sleep apnea (which causes you to breathe through your mouth) and allergic reactions to skin care products.

Lip licking (cheilitis) is habit forming and can cause the lips to be chapped constantly. Kids from the ages of seven to fifteen are the most likely victims of cheilitis. A pink band that encircles the mouth is a dead giveaway to this condition.

Certain drugs can cause cheilitis. Lithium, chemotherapy agents and retinoids are known to cause lip licking. The best ways to get rid of cheilitis is to stop licking the lips and get off of the drug which is causing it. There is no medication on the market that will help to stop cheilitis so it simply requires a change in habit or routine. Using a natural cream or oil on the lips is also beneficial because it will make them less irritated and painful.

There are quite a few herbal products available that can help to get rid of your chapped lips. Calc Flour, which is a biochemic tissue salt, is used specifically for healing skin that is chapped or cracked open. Calendula officinalis is used for all sorts of skin problems and helps wounds to heal more quickly. Chamomile is useful for making your chapped lips less painful and irritated. None of the above herbs are addictive or have side effects. A vitamin E cream is also wise to use on a consistent basis. It gives your skin some of the vitamins it needs to stay healthy.

Hundreds of years ago people used fat from geese or ducks to help their chapped lips heal. Next time you make one of these save the fat in your refrigerator for the next time one of your family members needs it. Shea butter, coconut oil and olive oil are also great for easing lip chapping.

A good rule of thumb is that if you cannot eat it then do not use it on your lips or skin. Lipsticks, balms and gels that have any sort of petroleum or alcohol in it should be avoided like the plague. In fact, they will make your chapped lips even more unbearable.

Also, be careful what you eat. Foods that are high in salt, spicy (hot) or hot should be saved for after your lips heal up. Watch going outside in dry, cold or windy weather. If you have to leave the house then coat your lips with natural oils to protect them from the weather.

Body Drench Quick Tan – The Best Product on the Market

Monthly Specials * Search By Brand * BeautysTop 10 * Gift Certificates * Salon & Spa Equipment

You are here: Home > Sunless Tanning Spray – The Best Product on the Market

Sunless Tanning Spray – The Best Product on the Market

Body Drench was first established in the early 1980’s and their mission is to help tanners achieve the perfect tan. They have created a line of professional sunless tanning products that boast high quality ingredients and specialized formulas. Their first product was a body moisturizer. In 1985 Body Drench came out with sunless tanning spray products, accelerating lotion and a UV amplifying lotion and today Body Drench is a well known product in the cabinets of thousands of consumers. They guarantee high quality ingredients that result in flawless and healthy glowing skin.

Quick Tanning Mist is a sunless tanning spray that dries quickly, gives a smooth and natural tan while nourishing the skin with multiple botanicals and conditioners. This tanning mist features a refreshing coco fragrance and a convenient spray that even works upside down for those hard to reach areas. Body Drench Quick Tan Sunless Tanning Mist is the fastest and easiest way to achieve a natural golden looking tan that lasts up to 7 days.

“I LOVE this product. I can not believe first of all, how easy it is to apply. The mist is so consistent, reliable and convenient. Just aim and spray. Second, this special formula dries extremely fast. I can apply just minutes before I have to get dressed. I would recommend this product to anyone. It is the best streak-free sunless tanner on the market and will have you looking like a bronzed beauty in no time” Says cosmetologist Kellilynn Marie.

Sunless Tanning Sprays are a healthy alternative for those who want to preserve their skin natural beauty and youthfulness.

Purchase this Professional Sunless Tanning Spray by Body Drench for $13.99 at Beauty Stop Online.

Beauty Stop Online best selection of hair care, skin care, nail care, styling products, flat irons, curling irons, and hair dryers on the web. With great prices, a large selection, over 4000 products, and free shipping on all orders of $50 or more, we are your best option for beauty products.


How to make your small kitchen more efficient and spacious looking

A small kitchen need not be dull, drab and boxy. Even if there are building or budget restrictions, you can make your small kitchen not only more efficient but also make it look roomier. Here are a few tips to help you do that.

1. Have as many cabinets in the kitchen as possible. This way, the appliances or dishes which you use less often can be stored in them. Countertop will have more space.

2. Counter surfaces should be free of clutter. There is no need to put your toaster, coffeemaker and such things on the counter. A moveable industrial cart or pantry cupboard will take care of them.

3. Look for alternative storage space. Basement or space under the stairway can be used to store cookware and dishes which you rarely use.

4. Use of glass can be a way of visually expanding your kitchen. When you can see through the objects, it gives a sense of space. Think of glass door cabinets or glass kitchen doors.

5. More light in the kitchen really helps. Hanging pendant lights on your eating area and incandescent lighting under upper cabinets will work for your kitchen.

6. Unify the look of your kitchen like same color and style of cabinet pulls and fixtures.

7. If you can afford it, use granite countertop which is more affordable in small kitchen. Also since the space is small, you can afford tumbled marble flooring which looks beautiful. All this creates a wonderful first impression.

8. Make good use of colors to enhance the look of your kitchen. Pastels, light colors and whites, all reflect light and space look bigger. But that doesn’t mean you have to restrict yourself to light shades. Bold colors are also effective. Use of blue, green and red can also be used to give a style statement. Colorful cabinetry looks cool.

9. Use your kitchen only for its main purpose i.e. cooking. Don’t try to do all things like mail, schoolwork and laundry in a small kitchen. Focus on appliances and work areas used foe meal preparation.

10. Keep the kitchen surfaces religiously clean. A neat, clean and uncluttered kitchen looks not only bigger but also looks far better than a large but cluttered and untidy kitchen.